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HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

28 April 2024 10:33 AM | UPDATED 3 weeks ago

HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control:

HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

HLTINF006 – Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

Student details
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HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control
Assessment details
This assessment task is designed to assess your knowledge of the basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control.
Student instructions
This assessment task contains Short Answer Questions where you need to provide a response in your own words to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of the unit.  Carefully read through each question and reflect on your learning in this unit, including any additional research you have conducted. Please note: Where your response does not sufficiently address all the question components, your submission will be returned to you for resubmission.
Assessment conditions
This assessment is untimed You may refer to your learning materials during this assessment You must read and respond to all questionsAnswers must be typed and submitted through My eCampus for assessingYou must complete the task independentlyNo marks or grades are allocated for this assessment task. The outcome of the task will be Satisfactory or Not SatisfactoryAs you complete this assessment task, you are predominately demonstrating your written skills and knowledge to your trainer/assessor

Question 1

Infectious agentDescription of how they are classified
Bacteria 
Virus 
Fungi 
Parasite 

Question 2

Describe the process of colonisation, infection, and disease.
 
HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

Question 3

Complete the table below to describe the steps of the Chain of Infection.
StepName of the stepDescription of the step
1  
2  
3  
4  
5  
6  

Question 4

Describe how the degree of exposure to an infectious agent can affect the risk of infection.


Question 5

Describe how each of the following is a reservoir. Provide one (1) example of an infectious agent for each type of reservoir.
Type of reservoirDescription of the reservoir and one (1) example of an infectious agent
People 
Animals (excluding people and birds) 
Birds 
Vectors 
Blood and bodily fluids 
Food 
Water 
Soil 
Waste 

Question 6

What are the four (4) main portals of exit in humans?

The four
HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

Question 7

Describe the following means of transmission.
Means of transmissionDescription
Contact (direct) 
Droplet 
Airborne 
Indirect contact (with surface, object) 
Penetrating injury from sharps 
Vector transmission (animal, insect or parasite) 

Question 8

Provide five (5) examples of portals of entry in humans.
 

Question 9

a.     What is a susceptible host?
 
b.     List five (5) factors that increase susceptibility to infection.
 

Question 10

Answer the following questions on personal hygiene practices.
a.     Describe why the following personal hygiene practices are important in the workplace: BathingGrooming (e.g., hair, nails)Wearing clean clothes
 
b.     Describe why it is important not to come to work when ill.
 
c.     Describe the procedures for safe respiratory and cough etiquette.
 
d.     Describe why it is important to use safe respiratory and cough etiquette.
 
e.     Describe the processes you should follow to launder work clothing and why this is important as an infection transmission precaution. 
 
HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

Question 11

Answer the following questions on hand hygiene.
a.     Describe three (3) ways that you can reduce the likelihood of irritation to the skin as a result of hand hygiene.
 
b.     Describe the principles of hand care relating to: Jewellery and watchesFingernails Skin integrity and precautions that should be taken if there are breaks in the skin or skin conditions
Jewellery and watches 
Fingernails 
Skin integrity 

Question 12

PPETechniques for removing and disposing of PPE
Gloves 
Protective eyewear and shields 
Gowns and aprons 
Masks 

Question 13

a.     What is a fit test for masks, and why is this important?
 
b.     What are the two (2) types of fit tests?
 
c.     Describe the fit testing requirements in accordance with the Australian Standards AS/NZ 1715:2009.
 
HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

Question 14

Answer the following questions on workplace procedures.
a.     Describe waste management procedures for the safe handling and disposal of sharps.
 
b.     Describe the procedures for the handling of linen and clothing.
 
c.     Describe the procedures for the reprocessing of reusable equipment or instruments.
 

Question 15

Describe the five (5) principles of aseptic techniques as outlined by the Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Infection in Healthcare 2019.
1 
2 
3 
4 
5 

Question 16

PartyWhy the party may require a copy of an incident report
The workplace supervisor 
The workplace WHS manager 
The General Practitioner (of the person who was exposed) 
A health care professional (that the person who was exposed seeks assistance from) 
The carer of the person who was exposed 
A responsible authority for the workplace 

Question 17

a.     When is hand hygiene required in a healthcare workplace per the five (5) Moments for Hand Hygiene?
 
b.     When is hand hygiene required in a non-healthcare workplace? 


HLTINF006 Apply basic principles and practices of infection prevention and control

Question 18

Specified below are the various types of PPE. You are required to list at least two (2) grades of each of the masks, gloves, protective eyewear and face shields and gowns and aprons and provide a brief explanation on how you can safely and effectively use these Personal Protective Equipment.
EquipmentTypeGrade/ClassificationExplanation
1.    Masks   
   
2.    Gowns and aprons   
   
3.    Protective eyewear    
   
4.    Gloves   
   
Submission instructions
Please proofread your work and save a copy of your assessment to keep in your own records. Save the document to include your name in the file for example: HLTINF006 – Knowledge Questions – Your Name Submit your completed assessment for marking by your assessor.
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